1If a permanent tooth is knocked out, put it in a container of milk and see a dentist within;30 minutes
2A person who is unconscious, not breathing, has a weak pluse, need?Rescue breathing
3Hypothermic shock results fromThe body's reaction to a foreign protein
4Contusions are:Very serious for the patient due to increased pressure in the brain.
5Manual support of the head and neck of the patient with suspected spinal injury can be releasedOnce the breathing has been checked
6OPQRST is used to assessPain
7Your role in making the first aid successful, work effectively includes four stepsRecognize, decide, call, provide
8Acute abdominal condition should be treated withBoth A & B
9What type of breath should be given when performing rescue breathing?Shallow breath
10What is asphyxiation mean?A state of unconsciousness
11When caring for a victim who has an object impaled in their hand, you shouldImmobilize the object by placing several dressings around it
12What causes myocardial infarction?Cramp in the coronary vessels and heart wall
13Plasma makes up about 55 percent of the total bloof volume. It I smainly composed of water. A variety of materials are dissolved in plasma. Among the most important of there are proteins.True
14Soft tissue wounds should be cared for byHeat and elastic bandages
15Lymphatic capillaries are located in the interstitial spaces, Here they absorb the excess fluids.True
16Example for short bone isCarpal bones
17In the event of an accident a first aider can do all the following EXCEPTPrescribe and give you medicines to help you recover
18To safely perform a chair carry you need3 rescurers
19When performing infant CPR or rescue breathing, what kind of breaths should you give to avoid forcing air into the infants stomach?Slowly and gently
20Where is the carotid artery located?On the neck to the right or left of the windpipe
21How many persons are required to place casualty in Neil Robertson stretcher?3
22The two main pairs of arteries supplying oxygenated blood to the brain are the internal carotid and the vertebral arteriesTrue
23When should you give rescue breathingConscious choking victim
24The carotid arteries supply the head, the neck and upper members are supplied by the subclavian arteriesTrue
25A diabetic has eaten too little food and the person may feel dizzy and lightheaded. The skin becomes pale with profuse sweating, Limbs may begin to tremble and pulse becomes rapid. The urine glucose reaction is negative. What kind of medicines will the person need as soon as possible?Sugar lump, sugar drink or something sweet
26What do you do for a chemical burn?Flush with water, dry and cover
27Pairs of ribs in human body are12 pairs
28In general a splint should beSnug, but not so tight that it slows circulation
29Severe pains in the chest occur when the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart, becomes too narrow for sufficient oxygenated blood to reach the muacles of the heart. Normally these attacks only last a few minutes, and the pain stops If the casulaty rests. What kind of medicines to be taken when an Angina Pectoris attack occurs?Petidin
30An essential element of a responders verbal report includesThe name of the patient
31You approach a victim that is unconscious and wearing a medical alert tag indicating a diabetic condition, you would.Begin Rescue Breathing
32The maintenance of fluids and nutrition is key to extended patient care and can be provided by:Use small amount of liquids and foods to determine whether the patient can tolerate the intake
33Which of the following can cause a stroke?A blood clot in an artery in the brain
34A crew on your ship has a severe cut in the groin area, what do you do?Cover the wound with a sterile dressing applying direct pressure
35Toxic substances can affect the body in following ways;Through the lungs by inhaling of toxic gases
36The system that consists of the brain, the spinal cord and the nerves that issue from them is known asThe nervous system
37What is the cause of anginaInsufficient blood reaching the heart muscle
38Mouth to nose respiration should be used only when it is impossible toA & B
39What should a casulaty with severe allergy carry at all times?Adrenaline (Epipen)
40How shock is preventedBoth A & B
41Which test should you use if you suspect that a casualty has had a strokeFace, Arms, Speech, Test
42In topographic anatomy, the term "lateral" means;Away from the midline of the body
43A rapid body sugar should take no longer than30 seconds
44If the casulaty is in an enclosed spaceEnter the enclosed space and rescue the casulaty without wasting anytime
45When treating a 3rd degree burn, you should:Activate EMS or rush patient to the nearest hospital
46Loss of body heat and wet weather leads to:Hypothermia
47What should you do FIRST if someone is unconscious but you are not a trained first aider?Get medical help immediately
48For adult CPR, you deliver chest compressions at a rate of ______ with a depth of _____.100/min, 2 inches
49If you suspect someone is going into shock you should NOT give themwater
50When caring for fellow crew who is suffering from heat crampsGive cool water or sports drink
51What is the immediate step to be followed when tourniquet is applied?Radio medical advice
52A conscious casualty who has suffered a stroke becomes unconscious. To keep his airway open and help him breathe, you shouldTurn him into the recovery position with his unaffected side down
53What is not a sign of shock? can be DIncreased pulse rate
54How can you help someone who is having a seizure?Keep them safe from injury
55Breathing emergencies may be caused fromAsthma or allergic reaction
56A crew has his finger severed off, what action would be the best?Wrap the severed finger in sterile gauze place it in a plastic bag, put the bag on ice and transport both finger and the victim to the hospital
57Incase a casulaty rescued from areas containing toxic gases, what method to be used for artificial respirationMouth to mouth respiration
58In determining the amount of body surface burned, the area of the palm of the hand represents ___ % of the body surfaceOne
59What is the main reason for having a person positioned immediately outside a confined space whilst work is taking place inside it?To check compliance with the method statement
60A blood soaked dressing on the arm indicates that bleeding has not yet been controlled. You should nowPlace a clean dressing on top and apply more pressure
61What position should the head be in during a nosebleed?Head forward
62When transporting a patient, a shock should be administered;When the vehicle is stopped
63A boy on the bus goes into diabetic shock, what do you do?Drive the bus straight to the hospital
64When caring for a victim with a bloody nose you would notHave the victim sit with head tilted slightly backward while pinching the nostrils together
65What does the AMA recommend untrained bystanders do if they witness a cardiac emergency?Call for help but do not perform CPR
66Infant CPR is administered to any child under the age of;12 months
67What should you do for a person who shows signs of heat stroke?Stretch and massage cramping muscles
68Which is not a symptom of heart attack Can be CRed, hot or dry skin.
69How should you do chest compression on a small child?With two fingers
70The rescuers face should be placed with in how much distance from the patients nose to feel exhaled air2 to 3 cm
71In which fracture, the patient is supported and tried with hard wooden surface?Spine fracture
72To prepare a completely amputated part of the body for transportation to hospital with the casualty, you shouldWrap it in clean, moist dressings and keep it cool
73What is the first step in using an AED?Turn on the AED
74At what age is it necessary to use the child AED pads if available?17
75The body loses heat in a variety of ways including;radiation, conduction, evaporation and respiration
76When performing chest compressions, where on the casualty's body do you place your hands?Place the heel of one hand two finger breadths above the bottom of the breastbone. Cover the hand with the heel of the other hand
77You have a casualty who is not breathing but has injuries to face that prevent you from performing mouth to mouth. What do you do?Wait for the ambulance
78Of the following casualties, which would you care first? The casualty who is;Unconscious and lying on his back
79Someone with frostbite on his feet, what should you do?Soak feet in warm water not more than 105 degF, bandage with dry sterile dressing
80It is important that a compress is done correctly. One of the alternative signs, after completed compress bandage, shows that the bandage may be to tight Which one?Swelling below the bandage and heavy pain
81Blood serves as a vehicle for oxygen, nutrients, carbondioxide and othe wastes, harmones, antibodies etc.True
82which of the following best sums up Contusions?Destruction of brain tissue
83To clear the victim''s airway, you shouldPush chin down, tilt head back
84The secondary assessment of the patient consists of a head to be examined and a check of the;Pressure point
85If a person receives third degree burns.Both A & B
86Which arteries pressure point is located on front of upper leg just below middle of cross of groinRadial artery
87When caring for someone who has suffered an electrical burn, you would not;Cool the burned area
88Blood is a vehicle for the human cardiovascular system. Its major subdivision are the plasma& fluid containing - including red blood cells, white blood cells and plateletsTrue
89Which one of the following changes in vital signs is charateristic of brain injuryIncrease in blood pressure
90Which of the following conditions would indicate that a casualty was dead?The skin is wet and clammy
91What is more seriousHeat stroke
92What is the disadvantage of using tourniquet method initially to stop bleedingIt causes lack of oxygen & blood which leads to amputation of injured area
93When giving care for external bleeding what should you do first?Apply direct pressure
94Which of the following devices provides the highest percentage of O2 deliveryNasal cannula
95You cannot use an adult AED on an infantsTrue
96Later signs of death includeRigor mortis, lividity and milky corneas
97How will you examine the patient is shock for paleness if the skin is darkcheck his mucuos membranes and nail beds
98The heart produces the primary motive force to drive the blood through the arterial system. The heart is located just above the diaphragm, in the middle of the thorax, and extending slightly to the left. It is said that the heart of an average individual is about the size of that individual's clenched fist.True
99How should you REACT to an emergency?Assess the scene for safety
100Where does the partly digested food (in liquid form) goes after it leaves stomach?Small intestine
101You have someone who is pale, sweating, profusely, trembling and acting aggressively. They appear drunk but do not smell of alcohol. What may be wrong with them?They are suffering from a diabetic emergency
102A lung is an individual organ composed of tubular structures and alveoli bound together by fibrous connective tissueFALSE
103Pelvic fracture can cause severe and even life threatening bleeding in to thePelvic areas
104On an infant, if you are the lone rescurer, you should perform compressionsUsing the finger just below the nipple line
105On an infant where you check the pulse?Inside the wrist just above the hand
106A person indicates that he was bitten by a snake what do you do?wash the wound keeping injured area lower than the heart get professional medical care within 30 minutes
107What should you do if you think the victim are serious internal bleedingCall for medical assistance as quick as possible
108To treat first degree burn you should ______Apply a good quality burn cream or ointment
109What do you do for a victim who has a bleeding injury to the mouth and you are sure about that there is no head neck or spine injuryKeep the victim seated with head tilted slightly forward
110The accepted treatment for a nose bleedHave the victim lean forward apply gentle pressure on the nostril apply cold towel
111What treatment does a victim who's life threatening condition is "not breathing" need?The helimich maneuver two rescue breaths and CPR
112Shock is a condition whereThe circulatory system fails to deliver blood to all parts of body
113Internal bleeding can be caused byInjury
114Sharp, stabbing twinges of pain in the chest is a sure sign of heart attackFALSE
115The accepted treatment for a sprained ankle isKeep the shoe on apply an ankle bandage for support, elevate and apply cold towels
116Redness in the EYE can be caused byWelding
117When performing CPR on a child how deep should the chest compression be?1 1/2 inches
118Which of the following techniques is not suitable for moving an unconscious victim?Four handed seat carry
119The primary symptom of the advanced stages of hypothermia requiring immediate medical attention is violent shiveringFALSE
120Which of the following correctly describes the CPR techniques for an adultFour cycle for 15 compressions followed by one breath each minute
121You come upon an unconscious victim with a pilse. They do not appear to be breathing. You are unable to deliver the first breath. What is the next step?Repeat the head tilt/chin lift maneuver and attempt the breath again
122what should be first checked in an unconscious patient?Breathing
123If Mouth - to - Mouth (M-T-M) ventilation by itself is unsuccessful and the casulaty's heart stops, or has stopped beating, you must perform External Chest Compression (ECC) in conjuction with M-T-M. What is the complete rate when performing ECC?Complete 20 compressions at the rate of 60 compressions per minute
124_____________ is a condition when injured persons vital organs slow down due to a bad injuryFatigue
125You are taking blood pressure by palpation. A radial pulse indicates a blood pressure of at least110 mmHg
126if an infant victim has pulse but is not breathing, you may decide to do rescue breathing only. For this infant victim, you should provide a breathEvery 3-5 seconds
127A shipmate touches some live electrical wires and collapses unconscious. What's the first thing you should do?Find and isolate the source of the electricity.
128An unconscious seaman is lying on his back and is not breathing. What's the first thing you should do?Tilt his head back as far as it will go
129You are treating a pediatric cardiac arrest patient. Where do you place the AED pads on an infantChest and Back
130Eye injuries that include lacerationsUsually involve a great deal of bleeding
131Splint an injury to a muscle, bone, or joint only when….You have to move or transport the victim.
132What should you do if you think someone has a broken leg?Keep the person calm and still in the position found until EMS arrives.
133To prevent further contamination and infection of a wound, you should cleanse the surrounding skin by:Swabbing in circular motions around the wound
134If a stroke is suspected you need to do the F.A.S.T test, What do these letters stand for?Face, Arms, Speech, Time
135Why is CPR important?It provides a small supply of blood and oxygen to the brain and vital organs
136The simple pick-a-back method is useful only where the casualty is _______Conscious and able to hol
137Which of the following cannot be treated as minor injury?Wounds near joints
138What is the CPR procedure for a six-year-old boy?5 compressions, 1 breath, 12 cycles in 1 minute
139What should you do for a person with an object like a knife, stuck in their leg?Rinse the wound with water, and apply antibiotic ointment and a sterile dressing.
140Which one of the following factors increases the risk of life -threatening injuryHigh velocity
141What would you do for a victim who has internal bleeding?oth a and b
142The Pulse rate of a normal individual averages about:10 beats per minute
143For an infant who is choking, you would perform….Back blows and chest thrusts.
144What is the most common reason an infant’s heart stops? Breathing problems
145The two types of bone marrow are red bone marrow and yellow bone marrow. Yellow bone marrow is mostly yellow fat tissue. Red bone marrow is the only site in adults for the formation of red blood cellsTRUE
146A faint is a brief loss of consciousness of no more than momentary duration caused by a temporary reduction in the flow of blood to the brain.How to prevent anyone from fainting?Tell the person to sit down in a sitting position breathing normally.
147A crew with frostbite on his feet, what should you do?Soak feet in warm water not more than 105 degrees, bandage with dry sterile dressing.
148The number of cycles of CPR that should be performed for an adult in 2 minutes is5
149When performing adult CPR you give….2 slow breaths & 15 chest compressions.
150Where are the blood vessels found that supply the skin?Dermis
151If the throat is covered with a grey layer that is a sign forDiphtheria
152One of the most difficult things to assess in infants and young children is:Pain
153When an unconscious patient is lying in recovery position, no pillow should be used underTRUE
154The emergency responder should assume a head/spinal injury in any is unwitnessed situation where the patientAlert
155Which First Aid record must be kept by law in the workplace?The Accident Book
156Which of the following behaviors reduces your risk for injury?Always wearing a safety belt when riding in automobiles.
157Tissues make up organs. An organ is a structure performing a particular functionTRUE
158Your role in making the EMS system work effectively includes four steps.Recognize, decide, call, provide.
159The most immediate serious complication associated with burns is:Shock
160To treat a nosebleed, hold pressure on the bridge of the nose and have the person:Lean slightly forward
161A strain occurs when a muscle or group of muscles is over- stretched and possibly torn, by violent or sudden movement. Strain can be caused by lifting heavy weights incorrectly. The treatment of strain may be remembered as the word RICE.What is RICE an abbreviation for?Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
162In cases of behavioural disorders, the responder should:Give the patient a choice in the treatment
163A man is having a heart attack, he has medication with him, what should You do?Assist him with the medicine, Call 911, reassure him until help arrives.
164you are eating in a restaurant when a woman cries out. her six-month-old child is turning blue around the mouth. He appears to be gagging but is not able to cry or take a breath. An older child had just given him some marbles to play with. What is the next step?Deliver back blows and chest thrusts
165Irrigate eyes with:Saline solution.
166Signs and symptoms of intense light burns to the eyes include:Gritty feeling in the eyes.
167First Aid must be administered immediately to: Restore breathing and heart-beat
168What is the name of the type of stretcher often found on board?The Neil Robertson stretcher.
169Raccoon eyes indicates:Possible eye injury
170Hypothermia….Is not life threatening.
171The factor which indicates a drug related emergency is life-threatening is:Altered mental status.
172What would you do if a victim had a body part torn or cut off?Wrap severed body part in sterile gauze.
173What is the position of patient during treatment for shock?Horizontal
174What names are given to the three different depths of burns?Small, medium and large
175Cardiac arrest refers to Any stoppage of the heart
176What do we NOT do for fractured limb?Apply gentle traction
177A patient refuses your care. You should:Fill out and personally sign a "Refusal of Care" form.
178A first aid responder should move a victim when….it would make it easier to administer first aid.
179A man is filling a gas tank on a generator when it bursts into flames. The caualty has a hoarse voice, he is blistered around the mouth and nose and both arms are reddened. You should classify this burn as:Critical
180When Assessing the victim, you should remember to "look, listen, and feel" for breathingFALSE
181If a victim isn't breathing normally, what is the first thing you should do?Call for emergency medical help and a defibrillator
182A first aid box should not contain:Aspirin or painkillers
183Urine is expelled from the body through the:Kidneys.
184What should be your first concern at the scene where a person has been seriously burned?Checking the scene for safety.
185A victim has lost a lot of blood through a deep cut in his leg. He is breathing fast and seems pail and restless. He is probablyIn shock.
186Treatment for feverParacetamol
187Compound fractures with severe bleeding in large bones may lead to ________Shock
188Which one of the following is the best way to assess dehydration in the elderly:Check the mucous membranes in the eyes and mouth.
189Elastic bandages are used….Control swelling and support injuries such as sprains or strains.
190Which symptoms would indicate internal bleeding?Rapid weak pulse, Excessive thirst.
191What symptoms are associated with heat exhaustion….Cool, moist, pale, or flushed skin.
192When performing CPR on an adult, how deep should the chest compressions be?2 inches
193Typically in a triage system:Those whose survival requires immediate care are classified level 3.
194If you find a person who is unresponsive and they are not breathing, what should you do?Commence CPR at the earliest and call for assistance.
195When prioritizing the treatment of casualties which order must you follow?Breathing - Bleeding - Bones/Burns - Other Conditions
196What is the best position for conscious casualty suffering from internal bleeding?Laying down with Legs raised
197If you suspect a head or neck injurySupport the head and neck in the position found.
198The patient should be treated for shock, ifThe pulse is weak & rapid
199You suspect that a person has been poisoned. She is conscious. Your first call should be to….The Poison Control Center or your local emergency phone number.
200Which would you do when caring for a seizure victim?Remove nearby objects that might cause injury.
201For which of the following burn victims should you immediately call your local emergency phone number?A 68-year-old woman who has a blistered grease burn on her hands and arms.
202A 15-year-old boy has just splashed a chemical on his face. After sending someone to call for an ambulance, you would….Flush the burned area with large amounts of water until the ambulance arrives.
203Why should you cover burns with a clean or sterile dressing?To prevent infection.
204You find a person at the bottom of the stairs. He appears to have fallen and seems badly hurt. After sending someone for help, you would….Roll the victim onto his stomach keeping the head and back in a straight line.
205A victim has a large piece of glass sticking out of her leg. You should….Leave the glass in her leg and control the bleeding.
206A woman has fallen and burned her ankle. She says she heard something snap. She looks pale and is sweating. What should you do?Care for the injury as if it were serious.
207Which of the following should be done for a person experiencing a heat related illness.Apply cool wet cloths.
208You feel a sudden sharp pain in the bottom of your left foot. You look at the bottom of your left shoe and see a tack sticking in your shoe. What type of wound do you probably have?Avulsion
209Which should be part of your care for a severely bleeding open wound?Apply direct pressure and elevate the injured area. (If no broken bones)
210Which is the first step when caring for bleeding wounds.Apply direct pressure with a clean or sterile dressing.
211How can you reduce the risk of disease transmission when caring for open, bleeding wounds?Wash your hands immediately after giving care.
212You have tried to control a victim's bleeding with direct pressure and elevation, but the bleeding doesn’t stop. Where would you apply pressure to slow the flow of blood to a wound on the forearm?Inside the arm between the shoulder and the elbow.
213Dressing and bandages are used to….Help control bleeding and prevent infection.
214Most injuries are due to situations that….You have some control over or could have been prevented.
215When helping an unconscious choking victim, you would give an adult____ chest thrusts. For an infant you would give____ back blows and____ chest thrusts. 5,5,5
216When performing CPR on a child you give….1 slow breath & 5 chest compressions.
217A wound where there is damage to the soft tissue and blood vessels under the skin is called…..A bruise
218Bandages are used for….To hold dressings in place, apply pressure and control bleeding.
219Dressings and pads….Are used to help control bleeding and keep germs out.
220A student on your bus has been hit in the mouth and a tooth was knocked out you should….Control the bleeding and have student bite down on a rolled sterile dressing in the space left by the tooth.
221Wounds that would require stitches are….Over an inch long.
222Which is not a symptom of shock….Chest or abdominal pain, breathing difficulty.
223A first degree burn….Involves only the top layer of skin.
224When caring for a victim who has a large burn on their forearm, you….Use large amounts of cool water to cool the burn.
225You should suspect that a victim has head and spine injuries for….An incident involving a lightning strike.
226You may suspect that a student has been poisoned if they….Are experiencing nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
227When caring for a student who is allergic to bees and has just been stung, you should….Apply a cold pack.
228Signals of an allergic reaction to a bee sting are….Feeling of tightness in the chest and throat.
229When caring for a student who is suffering from heat cramps.Give cool water or sports drink.
230Heat stroke….Causes very high body temperature.
231When caring for someone who is suffering from frostbite, you should not….Rub vigorously until skin appears red and feels warm.
232Snakebites can be very serious. When caring for a snakebite victim, which should you not do?Apply ice.
233To care for a victim with a sucking chest wound, you would?Cover the wound with a dressing that doesn’t allow air to pass through.
234When caring for a choking infant, what position is the infant held in?Face down on your forearm with head lower than the body.
235When can you move a victim?When the victim is in danger.
236To encourage people to help others in emergency situations, most states have enacted laws, which protect you, as a rescuer, from being sued. This is called.The Good Samaritan Law
237Signals of head and spine injuries are:Blood or other fluids in the ears or nose.
238A boy on your bus has been coughing for over a minute, what should you do?Encourage the boy to cough and get medical attention a.s.a.p.
239You have a person who is conscious and refuses help, they laps into an unconscious state, what should you do?Permission is “Implied” if the victim is unconscious.
240A girl at one of your bus stops indicates that she was bitten by a snake, What do you do?Wash the wound, keeping injured area lower than the heart; get professional medical care within 30 minutes.
241A boy enters your bus, you smell alcohol, he passes out before you get to His bus stop, what should you do?Stop the bus, check for breathing and pulse, Call 911.
242A girl has her tooth knocked out and she has found the tooth, which is the best action to take:Place the tooth in a closed container of cool milk or water, until she reaches the dentist
243A girl is not breathing but has a pulse, what would be the best course of action?Call 911, and begin rescue breathing.
244Where would you check the pulse on a 12-year-old boy?At the side of the neck
245What is the first thing you should do for someone you suspect has an electrical burn?Check to see if electricity is turned off
246A boy is shot with an arrow through the chest and out the back, what would be the best course of action?Do not remove the arrow, place several dressing around the arrow to keep it from moving, bandage the dressings in place around the arrow.
247A girl is unconscious, she is heavily dressed and her skin is reddish, dry and hot, what should you do?Check for breathing and pulse, Call 911, get the girl out of the heat, loosen tight clothing, and cool her off any way you can.
248A boy has a sliver in his eye, you should….Leave the sliver in, Call for help.
249Your driving your route and you come across a victim lying in the middle of the road that appears to be unconscious, you should….Pull the bus safely to the side of the road, drag the victim out of the roadway, call 911.
250An eight year old child is unconscious and the airway is blocked. You should:Give abdominal thrusts (this can also be a correct answer)
251A victim is coughing up blood with bleeding from the mouth and is tender in the abdomen. Pulse is weak and rapid. The victim is having signs ofInternal Bleeding
252The acronym SAMPLE stand for signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past history, ________ and events.Last meal.
253Which one of the following is not a system of the bodyRespiratory
254Increased respiratory difficulty accompanied by a weak ineffective cough, wheezing, high-pitched crowing noises and cyanosis are signs of:Severe airway obstruction
255The most important step in managing shock is to:Give first aid for the illness or injury.
256A small percentage of casualties with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have hypoxic drive. These patients breathe because of a:Low oxygen level.
257The emergency responder is one link in the chain of services known as the:Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system.
258The acronym used to assist the emergency responder assessing the patient's level of responsiveness is:SAMPLE.
259An industrial worker sustains a severe laceration to his forearm. Direct pressure The correct arterial pressure point to control the bleeding is the:Carotid.
260Pressing on a fingernail-bed to observe the return of normal colour is done to check for:Normal blood circulation to that part.
261Your primary survey of a casualty involved in a serious car collision shows only that he is confused. Later you find his pulse rate at 140 and weak, his skin cold and clammy and his breathing irregular and gasping. These signs, along with the mechanism of injury, indicate:Internal bleeding.
262For which one of the following infectious diseases is a vaccine presently available:Herpes.
263Based on current research, which of the following statements about the AIDS virus is correct?a. It can be found in blood and semen.
264In a hazmat situation airway management and immobilzation are carried out in the:b. warm zone
265During the primary assessment of a responsive adult patient, you detect a breathing rate of 28 breaths per minute. You would categorize this as:a. Above normal.
266The type of shock that is caused by a severe infection is called:a. Septic.
267Which one of the following is considered a breach of duty:a. failure to obtain consent.
268Immediately before a seizure, the patient experiences an unpleasant odour. This phase is referred to as:b. Aura.
269You are called for an asthma attack, treatments may include all except:c. Nitroglycerin
270Which one of the following conditions may mimic the signs of acute alcohol intoxication?a. Hypoglycemia
271Which one of the following breathing diseases is included in C.O.P.D.:Emphysema.
272A condition where air builds up in the pleural space, collapses the lung and puts pressure on the heart is called:Tension pneumothorax
273Oxygen humidification is recommended if you are administering oxygen for longer than:30 minutes.
274You find a male patient with obvious difficulty breathing. He is using his neck muscles, and is cyanotic. There are red blotches on his chest, and his neck is swelling. You suspect :Anaphylaxis.
275When you are giving mouth-to-nose AR, you should:Hold the casualty's mouth closed.
276During one rescuer CPR for adults, the ratio of compressions to ventilations should be:30:2
277A guideline for normal systolic blood pressure in an adult male would be:50 plus the man's age up to 150 mm. Hg.
278To correctly size an oropharyngeal airway place the flange at the corner of the mouth with the tip reaching:The patient's earlobe
279ASA should be offered to the patient with chest pain who is taking nitroglycerin:After the first dose of nitro
280When suctioning a non-breathing adult casualty, a first aider should:Suction for no more than 15 seconds.
281You suspect a patient's pain is due to a myocardial infarction rather than angina because the pain:Is not relieved by rest or medication.
282A flail chest results when:Three ribs are broken on each side of the chest.
283Status epilepticus refers to:Continuous seizure activity.
284The recommended oxygen flow rate for nasal cannulae (nasal prongs) is:1-6 litres/min.
285When aligning the head in the eyes-front neutral position, watch for:Crepitus, pain, resistance.
286A worker has fallen from a six-foot ladder onto a concrete floor. You first action should be.Take charge and perform a scene survey.
287To determine whether a c-spine injury has occurred, you should think about the Mechanism of Injury. This can best be described as:The force that causes the injury and the way it acts on the body.
288The correct ratio of compressions to ventilations for two -rescuer CPR on a child is:15:2
289Shock is best defined as:Inadequate circulation to the body’s tissues
290The most critical factor in defibrillation is:The time from collapse to defibrillation.
291The AED will shock a patient:In ventricular fibrillation.
292In the hypothermic patient you should limit the number of shocks to a maximum of:1
293When using an AED on a patient who is wearing a pacemaker, place the electrode pads:Directly on pacemaker.
294You have shocked a casualty and there are signs of circulation. You should:Leave the AED attached to the casualty.
295Burns that involve all layers of the skin are:Full thickness.
296An abrasion is:A deep break in the skin involving significant bleeding.
297A soft tissue injury resulting from the impact of a blunt object is called:A contusion.
298The acronym SHARP refers to:The assessment of the severity of a wound injury.
299Responders involved in wound management should consider:All open wounds are contaminated to some degree.
300Tetanus is a condition:That involves specific infection in the lower jaw.
301Which action is part of first aid for a nosebleed?Lean forward and firmly pinch the soft parts of the nose.
302If it becomes necessary to thaw a hand with deep frostbite you should ensure that:There is no danger of refreezing
303You have been called for an 81 year old unconscious male patient. He is in his living room. Despite the hot day, he is overly dressed. He is flushed and dry, extremely hot to touch. You suspect:Heat exhaustion.
304Body mechanics refers to:Positioning and movement of the body
305You are alone and must remove a casualty with a suspected spinal injury from a very hazardous situation. You shouldGrab his wrists and drag him lengthwise.
306Crepitus is:A grating sound caused by bone ends rubbing together
307After discovering a possible fracture you should assess which of the following before and after splinting:Pulse, motor function, sensation.
308A worker has had his hand caught in a car door. You suspect several fractured bones in the hand. The hand should be splinted:Flat against the splint.
309In the case of suspected fracture of the clavicle, emergency responders should use:A St. John tubular sling tied on the uninjured side.
310Force on a joint may cause bone ends to come out of their proper position. This type of injury is called a:Dislocation
311After an extremity fracture has been immobilized, the responder should check for circulation:Distal to the injury.
312The longest, strongest bone in the body is the:Humerus.
313Effective immobilization of the tibia includes immobilization of the:Knee, tibia, fibula and ankle.
314You can best control the swelling and pain of an ankle sprain by:Rest, immbolization, application of cold, and elevation.
315If the patient has an open fracture responders should:Use bulky dressings to pad around the protruding bones ends.
316A traction splint could be used for which of the following injuries:A fractured pelvis.
317A concussion is best described as:Bruising or swelling of the spinal cord.
318You are examining the head of an infant who has been involved in a car crash. You need to be aware of:Soft spots in the infant’s skull.
319When immobilizing a patient on a spine board, which part of the body is the first to be strapped?Chest
320The Glasgow Coma Scale measures three basic functions. They are:Eye, verbal and motor responses.
321Which one of the following changes in vital signs is characteristic of brain injury:increase in blood pressure.
322You are called to the scene of a motorcycle crash. The rider is dazed and walking around. You should:Suspect spinal injury and manage accordingly.
323When managing a possible spinal injury:The cervical immobilization device is applied by the police.
324A helmet must be removed from a patient:When the helmet has a face mask that interferes with the responder’s ability to assist with ventilations
325When dealing with pelvic injuries you must always consider the possibility of:Spinal injuries.
326To properly measure a cervical collar, you:Measure the distance from the ear lobe to the shoulder.
327Contact dermatitis occurs when:The skin comes in contact with a poisonous substance.
328Carbon monoxide:May result from fires or automobile exhaust.
329A child has swallowed an unknown poisonous substance. You should:Call your local Poison Control Centre and follow directions.
330The external layer of the skin is called::Cutaneous tissue.
331Muscles are attached to the bones by:Ligaments.
332The appendix is located in which quadrant of the abdomen:Lower right.
333The white exterior portion of the eye is called the:Sclera.
334A skeletal injury to the lower back could result from direct trauma to the:Lumbar vertebrae.
335The pulse point located in the upper portion of the thigh is called the:Femoral.
336Which one of the following is a function of the skin?Regulation of body temperature.
337Insulin is produced in the:Pancreas.
338When communicating with patients:Stay at eye level & maintain eye contact.
339The best way to prevent a Critical Incident Stress situation from becoming worse is:Be familiar with the signs and symptoms.
340Remove a contact lense only if:There is a chemical burn to the eye.
341You discover a particle embedded in the casualty’s cornea. You should:Remove the particle with a moist corner of a facial tissue or clean cloth.
342Signs and symptoms of acute abdomen include:Distension with rebound tenderness.
343Signs that a hernia is serious include:Pain and tenderness at site.
344Which one of the following is not crucial in cases of abdominal distress:Establish the cause of the pain.
345In the case of abdominal evisceration, the emergency responder should:Dress the wound with a moist, sterile dressing
346Referred pain:Results when the two nervous systems come into contact.
347Trauma to male and female genitalia:Often involves significant bleeding.
348The priorities of MCIs include all but one of the following.Comprehensive care of all patients.
349At the scene of a MCI:All patients are assessed quickly and triaged.
350The most knowledgable responder in the first ambulance is generally assigned to role of:Incident manager.
351Constant monitoring of the patient in a drug- related emergency is important because:The patient’s condition may change quickly.
352The most accurate source of time for reporting purposes is:The dispatch unit.
353An eighty-five year old lady has fallen down a flight of stairs. You suspect spinal injury and decide to put the patient on a spineboard. You should be aware that:Spinal curvature may make it difficult and uncomfortable to put the patient on the board.
354Which of the following is NOT a special consideration when assessing elderly patients:Geriatric patients often have a reduced gag reflex.
355Crowning occurs:In the second stage of labour.
356When suctioning a newborn you should use:a bulb syringe.
357To help control bleeding after the baby is born:Massage the mother’s uterus.
358The onset of shock in infants and children:May be sudden and severe.
359Assessments of children should take into consideration:No splints should be used since all are designed for adult patients.
360The responder who suspects a child to be the victim of abuse should:Focus on management of injuries to the child.
361A child with history of a sore throat, fever and painful swallowing, has breathing difficulties. You should:Arrange for immediate transport to a medical facility.
362The mammalian reflex refers to:An increase in heart rate and respiration.
363Three common scuba related emergencies are:Air embolism, decompression sickness and barotrauma.
364In cases of near drowning:Laryngospasm prevents water from entering the lungs.
365You have been helping at a water rescue when one of the divers begins to have problems. You suspect air embolism. This patient should receive:Oxygen at 15 lpm.
366To reduce the risk of respiratory infection and pneumonia where medical care is delayed, responders should:Have the patient breathe deeply and cough.
367When positioning a patient, responders should consider that:Knees raised will reduce pressure on the abdomen.
368When caring for wounds over extended periods, always:Remove dressings and bandages regularly to check the wound.
369When administering medication, responders should consider that:Right medication, right amount, right person, right time, right method.
370To give ear drops to an adult, the ear should be pulled:Upward and backward.
371Provincial first aid legislation prescribes the contents of:First aid boxes, first aid rooms and first aid manuals.
372First aid stations must:Be easily accessible to workers
373Footprints can best be described as:The area of contact between the road surface and the tires.
374Ground guides or spotters should be situated:Behind the vehicle on the driver side.
375When completing the patient narrative:Record the signs and symptoms as accurately as possible
376Sublingual medication is given:Under the patient’s tongue.
377Contraindications of a medication tell responders:When a medication should not be given to the patient.
378The ACTION of the drug refers to:The expected effects.
379To manage severe toothaches, responders should:Advise the patient to chew on the other side of the mouth.
380When handling a knocked-out tooth you should:Place the tooth in a cup of milk.
381Lividity refers to:Settling of blood in the body due to gravity.
382What should you do to help someone who is choking?Hit them firmly on their back between the shoulder blades
383If someone is having a diabetic emergency, what should you do?Give them a sugary drink or sugary food
384If someone seems to be distressed in an emergency situation, what is the first thing you should do?Listen to them calmly and assist as required after analyzing the situation
385Which item below would be the best thing to apply to a head injury to reduce swelling?A bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in cloth.
386Where would a person having a heart attack most likely feel pain?In left arm and back of shoulders.
387What information should you gather if you think a person has swallowed poison or taken a harmful substance?What they have taken, when and how much.
388If you think someone is having a stroke, you must act FAST. But what do the letters in FAST stand for?Face. Arms. Speech. Time.
389If someone is unresponsive and breathing, how do you help to keep their airway open?Roll them on their side and tilt their head back.
390What is first aid?The immediate care given, to an individual who has been injured or become ill prior to the arrival of qualified medical assistance.
391What should you not do when arriving at the scene?Reposition the casualty in the recovery position
392What does the ‘A’ stand for in the acronym DRABC?Airway
393What is the ratio for chest compression: rescue breath for adults?30:3
394What is the number of back blows given to a choking child?5
395Which of the following is not a common trigger for Anaphylaxis?Nuts
396A burn should be immersed or placed under cold water for at least5 minutes
397Shock is the body's response toBlood loss
398The recognition of shock includesPale, clammy skin
399When you first arrive at the scene of an accident, what is the first thing you should do?Assess the situation for danger
400If a conscious casualty is getting choked, after advising the casualty to cough and assuming this has not worked, what should you do next?Attempt up to 5 Back slaps
401Which of the following is not a reason why we put unconscious casualties in the recovery position?To get Blood back to the brain
402In Basic Life Support, at what rate per minute do we perform chest compressions?100-120
403What is/are the only metallic object/s that the HSE recommend to be kept in a First Aid kit? (assuming that the HSE guidelines are followed.)Safety Pins
404When performing Basic Life Support, how do we check for normal breathing?By looking for chest movement, Listening & feeling for normal breathing
405You have arrived at an incident involving severe bleeding. In what order do you carry out treatment?Send for an Ambulance, lay casualty down, apply dressing, apply direct pressure and elevate Limb.
406A casualty has cut their finger. What do you NOT do?Apply direct pressure if necessary
407What is the average heartbeat of an adult at rest?72
408You are called to a casualty having an Epileptic seizure. What do you do?Phone 999 and do not touch them.
409You have a casualty that is muttering to themselves but not making any sense. Their face appears to be drooping to one side. What might be wrong with them?They may be having a Stroke
410You have a casualty who has recently banged their head against a filing cabinet. They feel sick, giddy and have a headache. What might be wrong with them?They may be suffering from Concussion
411If someone has fainted, what should you do to bring them around?Lift their legs
412A casualty has taken an accidental overdose. Do youGive them plenty to drink to dilute the poison.
413What should you do for a casualty who has just sprained an ankleRest with leg elevated
414Which of the following is the priority when treating fractured ribs on a conscious casualty?Help the casualty into the half-sitting position
415What is the treatment for a casualty having an asthmatic attack?Sit quietly, leaning forward on a support
416Which of the following could indicate internal bleeding in the stomach?Bright red frothy blood coughed up
417which of the following best sums up concussion?Brain shaking
418You are called to a casualty who has an abdominal wound. Which is the correct position for the casualty?Flat on their back with knees bent & supported
419An unconscious casualty is lying on their back and has a broken leg. What position is best for the casualty?Recovery Position
420Your check of the scene suggests that a victim has suffered an electrical shock. The first thing to do is….Cover all burns with a dry loose dressing.
421You are caring for a victim with a burned hand. Put the hand in cool water if….The burns are minor with no open blisters.
422Which would you do when caring for a seizure victim?Remove nearby objects that might cause injury.
423On an infant, where would you check the pulse?Inside the wrist just above the hand.
424In which situation would you wrap a casualty in a cold, wet sheet? Heat stroke
425What is normal body temperature37.5?C
426Burns larger than 1% of the body area need to be checked at hospital. What is the equivalent size of 1%? Palm including fingers
427After someone has fainted what position should they be in to aid recovery?Lay down with legs raised
428What is the ‘normal’ number of breaths per minute for an adult? 20-40
429What should you not do before carrying out ‘abdominal thrusts’ on someone who is chokingLean the person who is choking backwards
430What is the correct sequence for the Primary Survey? Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing
431First aid is the emergency treatment given toThe ill or injured before the professional arrives
432On finding a casualty, what should be done?Look to your own safety, do not become the next casualty
433If there is more than one unconscious or bleeding casualtyAsk for help
434In the case of an injured limbDo not cut the clothes to expose the injured felt
435If the patients pulse cannot be felt at the wrist, where it should be felt nextAt the carotid artery
436If a patient is unconsciousShould be kept in the best position that  provides relief from his injuries and has good circulation of blood
437Which of the following not to be considered when someone is dead , until you and others agree thateyes are not dilated and unconscious
438Immediate threat to life of unconscious casualties, may be Breathing obstructed by the tongue falling back & blocking the throat
439When the heart stops beating, the pupils will begin to dilute with in30 to 45 sec
440The rescuer must immediately establish CPR if the casualtyIs not breathing & heart stopped
441If the circulation is not restored, the brain will be without oxygen & the person will die within4 to 6 min
442In the delivery of oxygen from the atmosphere to the brain cells, there are 2 necessary actions, which isBreathing & circulation
443Amount of oxygen present in the normal atmosphere21%
444Basic life support comprises the “ABC” slips which concerns , theAirway, breathing & circulation
445How should you open the airway of an unconscious casualty?Head tilt and
446How long would you check to see if an unconscious casualty is breathing normally?No more than 10 seconds
447You are a lone first aider and have an unconscious non-breathing adult, what should you do first?Call for help requesting AED (defibrillator) and ambulance
448Which is the correct ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths for use in CPR of an adult casualty?2 compressions : 30 rescue breaths
449Which of the following is the correct sequence for the chain of survival?911/112. CPR. Defibrillation. Advanced care
450What should your first action be when treating an electrical burn?Check for danger and ensure that contact with the electrical source is broken.
451What is an open fracture?A fracture in which the bone is exposed as the skin is broken.
452If you identify a person with heatstrokeCool his body by soaking him is cool water
453This disease is spread by mosquito bites.Both A & B.
454HIV/AIDS is a Sexually transmitted disease.
455Cardio pulmonary resuscitation is administered when Victim is not breathing but airway is clear.
456Gas poisoning occurs when a person Is exposed to hazardous concentration of gases.
457What is the first aid given for eye contamination?Flush the eye for 30 min.
458Prior giving mouth to mouth respirationthe patients head should be kept at maximum backward tilt with one hand under the neck
459while giving mouth to mouth respiration, tight seal with the patients mouth should be madeTRUE
460how many quick full breaths should be given initially to allow the lungs to inflate fully4 breaths
461You’re driving your route and you come across a victim lying in the middle of the road that appears to be unconscious, you shouldPull the bus safely to the side of the road, drag the victim out of the roadway, call 911.
462What steps would you take to control bleeding from a nosebleed?Sit casualty down, lean forward and pinch soft part of nose.
463What causes hypothermia to a person.Prolonged exposure to cold.
464When a person has ingested poisonous chemical. Both A & B.
465A sprain is an injury to a Ligament, tendon or a blood vessel.
466......................... is a brain injury which is caused by a blood clot entering the brain.Stroke.
467If a victim is bleeding heavily.Both A & B.
468If you see a person having electric shockIsolate the circuit immediately.
469If a victim is not breathingOpen mouth and make sure nothing is blocking airway and blow air into victim’s mouth and start CPR.
470What are the causes of fatigue.Both A & B.
471How is shock prevented?Both A & B.
472First aid for heat exhaustion isMove victim out of heat and encourage to drink water
473On finding a casualty Look to your own safety b
474A …………………. is a broken bone Fracture
475…………………. are useful method for temporarily immobilizing limb fracturesSplints
476To prevent infection in wounds, burns and other injuries, all dressings and instruments should be Sterile
477Loss of body heat is called Hypothermia
478The body contains about liters of blood Five
479The system that consists of the brain, the spinal cord and the nerves that issue from them is known as Skull
480First aid is Any highly trained person
481The normal rate of breathing at rest is 12-16/min
482The skull protects the Brain
483CPR is Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation
484A fracture is defined as A break in the bone
485Death by drowning is due to Water in the lungs
486ABC MeansAirway
487The A B C of First Aid stands for Airway Breathing CirculationTRUE
488You will not close the nose while giving Artificial RespirationFALSE
489In case of amputation you will directly pack the cut portion in ice and take to the hospital along with the casualtyFALSE
490Exposure to cold climate can cause frost biteTRUE
491Never give alcohol to a patientTRUE
492While working in a hot area like engine room you can take salt tablets to avoid heat exhaustion.FALSE
493Excess loss of fluid/blood from the body can lead to a condition called shockFALSE
494How should you open an airway in an unconscious adult victim?Tilt the head back & lift the chin
495What is the maximum time you should spend checking for normal breathing?10 seconds
496What is the correct ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths?30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths
497It is acceptable to just perform chest compressions only if you are unable or not trained to deliver rescue breathsTRUE
498What action should you take if a victim vomits whilst you are performing CPR?Roll them onto their side to clear the vomit, then continue CPR
499CPR can be performed effectively on a soft bedFALSE
500What speed of chest compressions should you aim for?100 - 120 a minute
501What should you do if you feel a rib break when performing chest compressions?Stop CPR immediately
502If you find a collapsed victim, what is the first thing you should do?Check the area for any potential hazards
503The victim is likely to recover whilst you are performing CPRTRUE
504CPR should be started immediately if a casualty isn't breathing normallyFALSE
505What is the correct medical term for when a victim's heart stops beating?Cardiac arrest
506What is the correct depth of chest compressions on an adult victim?5 - 6cm
507What is the recommended amount of time to wash your hands?20 seconds
508You notice that a person has experienced a significant amount of blood loss, has pale skin color, and is becoming confused. What is most likely the cause?Seizure
509What is the first question you must ask before Safety of the scene
510Which of the following are considered personal protective equipment?Gloves
511Which of the following signs is most consistent with a stroke?Confusion
51220-year-old person dove off the end of the dock. Upon reaching the surface of the water, they do not appear to be moving. What is the likely cause?Heart attack
513You are performing single person CPR. The AED (automatic external defibrillator) advises a shock. After the shock is delivered what is the next immediate step?Resume CPR with chest compressions
514What is the main difference in care when finding an unresponsive adult versus an unresponsive child if you must leave the person to activate EMS?Perform two minutes of CPR when with a child, then go for help; call for help immediately when with an adult.
515You are a daycare provider and find a three-year-old child unresponsive. She had laid down for a nap because she was not feeling well. When you checked on her, she was not breathing and appeared blue. You are by yourself. What is the first step in managing this case?Do back blows.
516You are attempting to relieve choking in an infant. The infant now becomes unresponsive. What is the next step?Leave the infant to get help.
517Which of the following symptoms and signs may occur in patients with heat exhaustion?Confusion
518Which of the following increases the risk of hypothermia?Old age
519Which of the following should the first aid provider do when helping a victim with a snakebite?If the snake is still there, back away and approach from another direction to offer help.
520Which of the following is true of moving a victim?You should never move a person who is injured.
521When treating a victim of frostbite, which of the following is true?Frozen tissue is always white and waxy.
522Which of the following is a sign of severe airway obstruction?Forceful cough
523Which of the following is true when treating an eye injury?You should always use sterile water to rinse the eye.
524When using an AED:After a shock is delivered, allow 10 seconds before resuming CPR.
525What should a first aid provider do if a victim has a mild airway obstruction?Attempt to relieve the obstruction
526Which of the following is one of the five fears that keep people from attempting CPR or first aid?The fear of not having assistance.
527When the heart stops Brain Death will occur within:8-10 Minutes.
528The CABs of CPR are:Circulation/Compressions, Airway and Breathing.
529A cadet onboard a ship has been hit in the mouth and a tooth was knocked out you shouldControl the bleeding and have student bite down on a rolled sterile dressing in the space left by the tooth.
530An Engine trainee onboard your good ship has a severe cut in the groin area, what do you do?Cover the wound with a sterile dressing applying direct pressure.
531Which medical condition will develop from severe blood loss?Shock
532What is a faint?A brief loss of consciousness.
533Watch the patients chest , while giving mouth to mouth respiration of adequate respiration is taking placethe chest should rise & face
534If there is no air exchange and an airway obstruction existsremove the obstruction from patients mouth & start artificial respiration
535It is correct to give mouth to nose respiration to a casualty when a tight seal round the lips cannot be obtainedTRUE
536In silvester method, how many imes per minute the patients arm should be moved forward/backwards12times per minute
537Artificial respiration will bring oxygen containing air to thelungs of the casualty
538Oxygen is transported with ______  to the brain & other organscirculatory blood
539The most effective artificial respiration & heart compression are achieved by giving1 lung inflation & 5 heart compression
540what is the compression rate if 2 rescuers are operating?120 per min
541One rescuer artificial respiration & heart compression15 chest compressions/at a rate of 80 per minute with 2 quick lung inflations
542Why the initial dressing should not be removed?It will disturb the clotting process
543The bandage applied over the injured area should not be removed for atleast24 hrs
544How will the elevation process helps in decreasing blood  loss?elevation of injured area lowers BP
545which artery is given pressure to stop bleeding on upper armbrachial artery
546Reason for shockinadequate blood circulation or oxygen deficiency
547what is the pulse rate if the patient is under shock?higher than 100
548What is the most critical step In case of emergency?Moving victim to another place is the most critical step In case of emergency.
549When administering CPR to an infant:Puff air from your cheeks, not your lungs.
550If there is no response from the victim:Give 1-2 minutes of CPR before calling 911 if the victim is a child.
551Children's CPR is given to:Anyone who’s height is less than 4’ 6”.
552When administering CPR, what is breaths-to-compressions ratio?2 breaths every 30 compressions.
553In case of emergency you SHOULD NOT:Leave the victim unattended.
554The entire nervous system is divided in to two main regions: The ___________CNS and  The PNS
555When performing chest compressions on an adult during 2 person CPR, you would deliver them at a rate of _____ and ratio of _____?100/min, 30:2
556When checking for circulation/pulse you should locateBrachial artery if victim is an infant.
557The rule for compressions part of CPR is: 1 hand, 1 inch when administered to children
558Infant’s responsiveness is checked by:Patting victim’s feet and shoulders.
559Adult’s and Child’s responsiveness is checked by:Shaking the victim and shouting.
560Chest compressions should be started within _____ of recognition of cardiac arrest.10 seconds
561Adult CPR guidelines include male adolescents who present with chest or underarm hair and female adolescents with any breast development.TRUE
562Which of the following is NOT correct when performing CPR?Blind-mouth sweep to check for foreign objects
563You find an adult who is unresponsive and not breathing. The scene is safe. What is your next step?None of the options are correct
564After activating the emergency response system the next step is to?Check for a pulse for 3 to 5 seconds
565You are the 1st rescuer to arrive at the side of a victim. The very 1st step you take is to?Make sure the scene is safe
566In order to assess for a pulse in an adult victim, you would assess the _____ for how long?carotid pulse, for at least 5 seconds but no more than 10 seconds
567After you assess a victim's pulse and do not feel one, what is the next step?Start high quality chest compressions at a rate of 100/min
568Which of the following statements is incorrect about performing chest compressions?Position yourself at the side of the victim
569After performing 30 high quality chest compressions on an adult victim, the next step is to?Continue with compressions at 30/min for 5 cycles
570You suspect a head and neck injury in a victim who is unresponsive and not breathing. How would you open the airway to give breaths?Head tilt-chin lift
571When giving rescue breaths during CPR you give a total of 2 breaths with every breath over 1 second for every 30 compressionsTRUE
572How do you know the victim is receiving adequate breaths during CPR?The victim's chest rises
573During 2 rescuer CPR on an adult how many cycles of CPR do you perform before switching roles?5 cycles
574During 2 rescuer CPR on an adult victim what is the compression and breath ratio?30:1
575What technique is used for bag-mask ventilation during 2 rescuer CPR? Jaw-thrust technique
576You find a victim whose chest is covered with water. The AED arrives to the scene. Before using the AED you would?Quickly wipe the chest before placing the AED pads
577A victim is in cardiac arrest and you go to place the AED pads on the victim's chest. You notice that the victim is wearing a Nitroglycerin medication patch where you would place an AED pad. What of the statements is NOT true?The patch may block transfer of energy delivered.
578A 14 year old is in cardiac arrest and the AED arrives on the scene. What type of AED pads will you apply?Adult pads
579The correct sequence for basic life support is:circulations, Airway, Breathing
580When assessing the victim, you should remember to "look, listen and feel" for breathing.FALSE
581For any victim, the correct compression rate is:At least 120 per minute
582The recommended compression depth for an adult is:At least 2 inches
583If performing rescue breathing, you shouldAvoid excessive ventilation
584When assessing the victim, you should feel for a pulse for5-10 seconds
585The correct sequence in the AHA Adult Chain of Survival is:Activate the emergency response system; CPR; Defibrillation; Advanced Life Support; Post-Cardiac arrest care
586The best place to check for an infant’s pulse isThe brachial artery in the upper arm
587If two rescuers are performing CPR for a 10-month-old infant, the ratio of compressions to breaths is:15 compressions: 2 breaths
588If you have 2 rescuers for an infant victim, you should use Two hands on the sternum to deliver compressions
589You and a friend are walking when you see a child collapse in front of you. There are no hazards around. You assess the child and determine that he is unconscious and is not breathing. You should direct your friend to:Begin CPR
590When performing rescue breathing, each breath should last1 second
591Children typically have a cardiac arrest after they have experienced respiratory failureTRUE
592What does CPR stand for? Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
593How many chest compressions should be performed each minute when giving CPR?100-120
594What is the recommended compression to ventilation ratio?10:1
595At what age do children become adults in CPR terms?8
596When you deliver the first rescue breath, what should you do if the victim's chest does not rise?Perform the head tilt-chin lift
597If you are alone with an unresponsive child, what should you do?Deliver 2 rescue breaths, then call 9-1-1
598When attempting defibrillation, how many shocks with an AED should be delivered before resuming CPR?1
599What is the first step in using an AED?Turn on the AED
600In the absence of physician artificial respiration and heart compression should be continued untilheart of a victim starts beating again and breathing is restored
601human body contains _______ litres of blood5litre
602What is hemorrhage?Loss of blood
603Fluid should not be given by __________ when internal injury is suspectedEars
604Which is the final method to arrest bleeding when all other measures  failed?Tourniquet
605Is it advisable to cover the tourniquet with clothes or bandages?No
606When the patient is deeply unconscious with no spontaneous respiration and fixed dilated pupils for 15-30mins indicateCerebral death
607What is shock?Decrease in vital functions of various organs
608At what angle  the patients leg can be elevated to increase blood flow to heart and head?30cm
609If the patient is unconcious, drowsy or about to have surgery, can liquids be given orallyNo
610In which fracture neck collar is appliedNeck fracture
611Intense pain on pressure or movement of the hand after an injury may indicateSwelling
612If a victim does not respond after a shock from an AED, how many minutes of CPR should be performed before checking the victim's rhythm again?2
613Where is the chest compression landmark on an adult?Center of the chest
614How should compressions be performed on an infant?With the heel of one hand
615If an AED is available, but does not have child pads or child energy dose setting, what should you do for a 6 year old non-responsive victim?Use the AED and adult pads
616What is the maximum time you should take to check for normal breathing?5 seconds
617Why should you use gloves and a mouth barrier device when delivering CPR?To prevent additional injury to the victim
618An AED (Automated External Defibrillator) should be usedAfter performing CPR
619If a patient undergoes a Head Injury it’s possible the patient has had a concussionTRUE
620When performing CPR on an infant (laying face-up), you should use2 fingers.
621Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is the protection ofHead, torso, arms, hands, feet, etc
622If the patient's chest is not inflating during the breathing task you should check the patient's:Airway
623A Compression Rate of 100-120 per minute should be performed when providing CPR.TRUE
624When treating Bites & Stings you should use:An auto-injection.
625Symptoms of a Stroke can be:Droopy face, arm, and/or speech.
626You should ask the patient if He/She is okay before performing CPRTRUE
627What is CPR?A combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing
628When is CPR performed?If a person is in cardiac arrest
629What is one of the most common causes of cardiac arrest?Heartburn
630When is the best time to administer CPR?As soon as possible after a cardiac incident
631What does C-A-B stand for?Cardiac abnormal beat
632What does a cycle of CPR consist of?Thirty chest compressions and two rescue breaths
633What is the proper rate of chest compressions in CPR?100 per minute
634When finding an unconscious person you check for signs of life for no longer than10 seconds
635The three steps to follow in an emergency areAIRWAY-BREATHING-CIRCULATION
636The first step in operating an AED isturn it on
637What do you do after the breaths go in for an unconscious adult?begin CPR
638What do you do for an unconscious adult after the head tilt, chin lift and checking for signs of life?call 9-1-1
639You give 2 minutes of this if you find an unconscious child and you are alonecheck
640You should move an injured person ONLY whenthe scene becomes unsafe
641What is the compression to breath ratio for an adult, child, and infant?30:2
642What is the first step in managing a First Aid situation?Move the casualty out of the car
643What is most important to manage in an unconscious person?Airway
644How do you check for breathing?Count the number of breaths
645A ....................... is the movement of bone end out of a joint.Dislocation.
646Your check of the scene suggests that a victim has suffered an electrical shock. The first thing to do isCover all burns with a dry loose dressing
647A victim of an accident has just vomited and now appears to be coughing up blood. He is breathing very quickly and his pulse is weak and fast. What is most likely wrong? He has internal bleeding
648Particles of dirt,wood etc from fractured site can be removed byUsing sterilized forceps
649Is it advisible to remove  the clotted  blood from injured site?No, it may cause fresh bleeding
650For the patient with severe pain, what is the prescribed medication for reducing pain?10mg morphine sulfate IM
651What are splints made of ?Stainless steel
652What is the purpose of extending the splint beyond the joints at the end of fractured bone?Stability
653At what angle the elbow should be splinted?Right angle
654Knee should be splinted  _________Along with steel rod
655Which is not a danger sign in blood circulation?Blueness or whiteness of fingers
656What will you do when the patient with head injury with flushed  face?Head and shoulders elevated
657Following head injury , which arteries are to be given direct pressure?Temporal of carotid arteries
658Fracture on which region may cause missing teet, jaw deformity given bleeding and difficulty in swallowing?Jaw fracture
659In jaw fracture, immobilization is achieved by closing his mouth and applyingBandages
660In which fracture, triangular sling is applied?Collar bone or shoulder blade
661Which type of fracture may cause permanent paralysis when patient is moved?Spine fracture
662The outer most layer of the skin called the?Corium
663Which of the following layers of skin does not contain and blood vessels?Cutis
664Which layer is the top, or uppermost layer of the epidermis?Stratum corneum
665System of the body which coordinates and controls its activity is known as___________Organ system
666The nervous system is a complex collection of nervous and specialized cells known aseurons
667Sensory nerves send messages to the brain about what we:See
668The urinary system is also known asThe Endocrine System
669Urine enters the bladder through which structure?The ureter
670How many ureters are present?2
671Which structure is last in the sequence of urine flow?Ureter
672What is the digestive system?The body's food processing system
673Digestion begins in the mouth. Which of the following statement is INCORRECT?The tongue aids in the digestion of the foods
674Where does food pass through between the mouth and the stomach?The gullet
675Your body couldn't breathe without this system. Which one is it?It is the respiratory system
676When you breath in air, you bring oxygen in to your lungs and blow out __________Carbon dioxide
677When you inhale, your lungs________Inflate
678What is the name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs?The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Alveoli
679The voice box is also known as the ___________Larynx
680Which type of blood vessels carries blood away from the heart?Arteries
681The heart has how many chambers?5
682What is the circulatory system?The body's blood-transporting system
683These are the heart musclesCardiac
684What types of muscle do you not control?Involuntary Muscles
685Which of these are not one of the three types of muscle tissue?Flexible Muscle
686The muscles in your upper arm are called your _____________.biceps
687How many bones are there in the average person's body?206
688What does Axial Skeleton consists ofSkull
689How many bones does the axial skeleton have?72
690Injuries to the ribs are often the result of falling againstAn angle edge
691If the lung is damaged, it can be seen by theCasualty coughing up bright red blood that is usually frothy
692If there is an open wound( a sucking wound) of the chest, it must be seeled immediately otherwiseAir is drawn into the chest cavity & the lungs cannot inflate
693A usual dressing for a sucking wound can be made fromPetroleum jelly on gauze
694In all cases of chest injury, a pulse chart should be started to identifyInternal bleeding
695Unconscious chest injury casualties should be placed in unconscious positionlying on the injured side
696A fracture from pelvis, is usually due either to a fall fromHeight
697If the pelvis bone is fractured, tell the casualtyNot to pass urine
698Casualty with pelvis fracture, prior putting on a stretcherCasualty should be placed in whatever position is most comfortable to him
699_________ is the study of Body StructuresAnatomy   
700Physiology is the study of __________ of the bodyFunction
701How much % of oxygen admitted to conscious patient35% Oxygen with flow meter of 4 litres per minute
702Percentage of oxygen present in ambient air21%  
703Which of the following is used to remove an injured person from spaces?Neil Robertson
704The Neil-Robertson stretcher can also be used to remove casualties verticallyTRUE
705What method of manhandling type You use if victim is unconsciousPick a back method
706When would you attempt to move a casualty?If you are strong enough to lift
707When does your employer need to provide a first-aid box?Every site should be equipped with a first-aid box regardless of the number of employees
708What should you do if the first aid box at your workplace is missing items or completely empty?Inform the person who looks after the first aid box
709What's the FIRST thing you should do if someone who is working in a deep man hole collapses?Notify the trained rescue team immediately
710Someone collapses with stomach pain and there is no first aider on site. What should you do first?Get someone to call the emergency services
711You're having lunch with a friend and he begins to choke on some food. He can't speak, breathe or cough it up. How can you help?Give up to five back blows between his shoulder blades
712When would you expect eyewash bottles to be provided?On all sites where people could get something in their eyes
713Your check of the scene suggests that a victim has suffered an electrical shock. The first thing to do isCover all burns with a dry loose dressing.
714A burn may occur when electricity of high current and voltage passes through the body. Most damage occurs at the points of entry and exit of electricity. What is the treatment of electrical burns?Place sterile dressing over the burn and secure with a bandage.
715Sun rays and light reflected from a bright surface (e.g. sea); can cause damage to the skin and eyes. What is this type of burn called?Radiation burns.
716What will you serve seafarers who has been exposed to cold?Warm nutritious drinks.
717Shock is a manifestation of changes in which the circulation fails because either pressure or volume of circulating blood has fallen to a dangerous level. What is the skin colour of a pasient in shock?Pale or grey.
718If a person is in a state of shock, what of the following is the correct thing of you to do?Treat and reassure the casualty and stay with the person at all times.
719What is the first sign and symptom of a Cardiac Infarction or heart attack?Sudden crushing, vice-like pain in the centre of the chest.
720Asthma is a distressing condition in which the muscles of the air passage go into spasm. How can the asthma attacks be triggered off ?Nervous tension,allergy, or none obvious cause.
721You are performing CPR on an infant when a second rescuer appears. What is the next step in Management?Have the second rescuer help with CPR, to minimize fatigue
722When performing CPR you check for breathing. How long should this check last?Do not check for breathing, continue chest compressions
723You find a child that is unresponsive. After yelling for help, you check and find the child is not breathing. What is the next step?Leave the child and search for an AED
724You attempt to deliver a rescue breath to an unconscious adult. The breath does not go in. What is the next step in managing the case?Perform abdominal thrusts
725You are first on scene and the victim is unresponsive, pulse-less and has vomited. You do not feel comfortable performing mouth-to-mouth ventilation. What is the best approach?Compression only CPR
726What is the most important thing to do if you think someone is having a heart attack?Give aspirin and wait to see if it helps.
727How should you REACT to an emergency?Assess the scene for safety.
728For a responsive victim, get consent to help then assess the person by doing the following:Ask questions to help find out what is wrong.
729What is the best way to control bleeding?Direct pressure
730Always suspect shock if a personIs bleeding heavily
731To flush an eye that has been exposed to a chemical, have the injured eye______ the unaffected eyeLower than
732To treat strains and sprains, use the acronym RICE, which means ______________Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate
733What should you do for a diabetic person who acts confused or irritable?Give sugar to eat or drink
734An epinephrine auto-injector is used to treat:Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
735Difficulty breathing may be a sign of:Heart attack
736Signs of anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction) may include:Swollen face, eyes, throat, tongue
737A poison can enter the body through eating, drinking, inhaling, absorption through the skin, and ___________Injection
738What should you do if you get a chemical in your eye?Flush with water immediately and continue for at least 20 minutes.
739What is the best way to remove a tick?Lift it out carefully with tweezers.
740You are part of a team of two First Aiders in a resuscitation situation. What is the rhythm of resuscitation with two First Aiders?10 compressions within every 3 inflations.
741After checked for open airway, given the first two inflations and checked the pulse to make sure that the heart is beating, what is the rate of inflations given until natural breathing is restored ?12 - 16 times per minute
742What is meant by an open fracture?One where the bone has broken into more then one piece.
743What is the rhythm when performing mouth-to-mouth ventilation in combination with chest compressions by one first aider only?15 compressions followed by 2 full ventilations.
744A casualty has been injured by crushing his hand in an item of machinery. Which of the following should never be done?Apply direct pressure to the wound.
745If Mouth - to - Mouth (M-T-M) ventilation by itself is unsuccessful and the casualty's heart stops, or has stopped beating, you must perform External Chest Compression (ECC) in conjunction with M-T-M. When performing ECC, where do you place your hand on the casualty's body?Place the heel of your two hands on the top of the breastbone.
746If an injured person's pulse cannot be felt at the wrist, where on the body should the pulse be taken?The ankle.
747Which of these drugs might be given to reduce severe pain?Caffeine.
748he correct sequence in the AHA Adult Chain of survival is:Activate the emergency response system; CPR; Defibrillation; Advanced Life Support; Post-Cardiac arrest care
749If you are alone and come upon a person who may need CPR, the first thing you should do is:A. Activate the emergency response system
750Assessing the victim includes all of the following EXCEPT:C. Yell at him/her or call his name
751You are alone and find an unconscious victim on the ground who may need CPR. The scene is safe. You assess the victim and determine he is not breathing and will not awaken. You should:B. Start chest compressions
752The general public should never attempt to do rescue breathing.FALSE
753The best place to try to find a pulse in an adult isC. The carotid artery on the side of the neck
754If you have 2 rescuers for an adult victim and one or both are comfortable giving rescue breaths, the correct ratio of compressions to breaths is:A. 15 compressions: 1 breath
755For a child needing CPR who has been down an unknown amount of time, the first thing you should do is:A. go for an AED
756During CPR, if the victims chest does not arise after 2 attempts to give breaths, you should:A. attempt to give breaths until you see the chest rise
757When doing mouth-to-mouth breathing for a small child or infant, it is acceptable to cover the victims mouth and nose with your mouth to form an airtight seal.TRUE
758You and a friend are walking when you see an elderly man collapse in front of you. There are no hazards around. You assess the man and determine that he is unconscious and is not breathing. You should direct your friend to:C. Activate the emergency response team
759If you are performing rescue breathing for an adult victim with a pulse, you should do all of the following except:A. Check for a pulse every 2 minutes
760if 2 rescuers are performing CPR for a 10 month old infant, the ratio of compressions to breaths is:B. 15 compressions: 2 breaths
761Activation of Emergency response system if an unwitnessed collapse of a child or infant.1. Give 2 minutes of CPR
762A child is gasping for breath but has a pulse rate of 100 bpm. The rescuers should:C. Give 1 breath 3-5 seconds
763A child is not breathing but has a pulse rate of 50 per minute. The rescuers should:A. Start CPR with compressions
764An infant who had been choking becomes unresponsive. The rescuer should:A. Alternate back slaps and chest thrusts
765Efforts to relieve choking should be stopped when:A. The obstruction is removed
766How often should rescuers switch roles when performing two-rescuer CPR?C. after every 5 cycles of CPR
767The proper steps for operating an AED are:B. Power on the AED, attach electode pads, analyze the rhythm, clear the individual, and deliver shock
768Where should you attempt to perform a pulse check in a child who is anywhere from 1 yr to puberty?A. Brachial Artery
769The critical characteristics of high-quality CPR include which of the following?A. starting chest compressions within 10 seconds of recognition of cardiac arrest
770The 5 steps in the adult chain of survival include all of the following except:C. advanced airway placement
771Which of the following are signs of airway obstruction?A. poor air exchange
772In an adult with an advanced airway in place during 2 rescuer CPR, how often should the breaths be administered?C. Every 6-8 secs (8-10 breaths per min)
773When delivering "back blows", where should you aim for on the patient's back?A. over the shoulder blade
774When performing an abdominal thrust, where should you place your hands first?A. just above the belly button
775Which of the following best describes how a defibrillator works?B. It delivers an electrical shock to the heart to clear excessive electrical activity and allow the heart to regain its normal rhythm
776A companion of yours on a ship falls down a flight of stairs and thinks he may have broken his leg. What's the best thing you should do?Seek help.
777If you are doing heart compression, approximately how many compressions per minute is about right?About 60 compressions per minute
778When internal injury is suspected, which of the following should NOT be done?Give the patient a drink of water.
779What is meant by the term compound fracture?A bone that is broken in more then one place.
780Which of these would be the best action if you suspected a casualty was choking?What damage could occur if first aider's hands are placed at the tip of the sternum during heart compressions?
781Which of these is considered the best way to control severe bleeding?Direct pressure over the wound.
782Which of these is best when you suspect that a casualty has fractured a bone?Immobilise the affected area.
783Approximately how much blood is contained in the human body?About 5 litres.
784Which of these is a Thermal Protective Aid?A large plastic bag big enough to put a man inside.
785Abdominal Thrust is the name of a technique used to attempt to force air out of a choking casualty's lungs. How is this technique performed?Stand close behind the casualty, clench your fist and place it in the centre of upper abdomen. Grasp your fist with your other hand and pull inwards.
786Where should the hands of the first aider be placed when doing heart compressions?About 4 cm nearer the head then the lower end of the breastbone (sternum).
787Which of these is the most effective method of artificial respiration?Mouth to mouth method.
788If the heart of a casualty has stopped, approximately how long will it take before the casualty is likely to suffer brain damage?Beyond 6 minutes.
789The cardiovascular system refers to what parts of the body?The heart and blood circulation systems.
790A crew member has fallen from a height of about 5 meters and though conscious cannot feel any pain in his limbs. What should you do?Do not move the patient as he may have neck or spine injuries.
791What is a resuscitator?An oxygen tank, with a demand valve and mask.
792Which of these describes basic life support?Establishing an airway, breathing and keeping blood moving through chest compressions.
793In the absence of a Doctor, how long should artificial respiration and heart compression be continued?Until the heart starts beating or the rescuer is unable to continue because of fatigue
794What is hypothermia?When the body temperature falls below 35 degree C.
795What types of drugs are permissible to take without permission?No drugs (even aspirin) should be taken without permission from the captain or authorised officer.
796What would you do if you see a man fall into a cargo hold?Raise the alarm.
797What kind of first aid should be given to a person with frostbite?Apply hand or body heat to the affected parts skin-to-skin. (e.g. frozen hand in person's opposite armpit).
798How would you ease the pain for someone who gets his finger tip stuck in a hatch cover?Put the hand in cold water for approximately 20 minutes and then puncture the nail with a preheated needle.
799How can asthma attacks be triggered?By nervous tension, allergy or no obvious cause.
800A heavy fall or a severe blow to the upper part of the abdomen can upset the regularity of breathing. What are the symptoms?The casually has difficulty in breathing and may be unable to speak.
801The treatment for muscle strain may be remembered as RICE. What is RICE?Rest - Ice - Compression - Elevation.
802What are the symptoms of someone about to faint?The person may be very pale and pulse is slow and weak.
803How can you prevent a patient from fainting?Tell the person to sit down and lean forward with the head between the knees taking deep breaths.
804The unconscious or recovery position should be used for a casualty who is breathing but unconscious. Why?To prevent the casualty drowning in his own vomit.
805What is the skin colour of a patient in shock?Pale or grey.
806When acting as a watcher or lookout at a cargo hold and men below show signs of distress, what must you do?Raise the alarm immediately.
807Unconscious casualties who are breathing and whose hearts are beating should be placed in the Recovery Position. Why is this position so important?This position ensures that an open airway is maintained.
808What is the rhythm of resuscitation should two first aiders use when working as a team?5 compressions after every 1 inflation.
809An insect has become lodged in the ear. How should it be removed?Gently flood the casualty's ear with warm water so that the insect floats out
810The ABC rule is important for first aiders to know. What does ABC stands for?Airway - Breathing - Circulation.
811What blood alcohol level is permissible under U.S. legislation before it is defined as intoxication?0.04%.
812When using a compress bandage, what shows that the bandage might be too tight?Swelling above the bandage and strong pulsating pain.
813Exposure to cold conditions may cause .....hypothermia
814What is the Recovery Position?The patient is placed in a "face-to-the-floor" position with arms and legs arranged in order to stabilize this position.
815If a person is in shock, which of these is the correct thing to do?Try and reassure the patient and stay with the person at all times.